Vande Mataram (Bengali: বন্দে মাতরম্, Sanskrit: वन्दे मातरम्) - Vande Mātaram - literally - "I bow to thee, Mother" - is a poem from Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay's 1882 novel Anandamath. It was written in Bengali and Sanskrit.
It is a hymn to the Mother Land . It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
In 1950 (after India's independence), the song's first two verses were given to the official status of the "national song" of the Republic of India, distinct from the national anthem of India, Jana Gana Mana.
Bande Mataram (publication), English language newspaper founded in India in 1905 by Bipin Chandra Pal and later edited by Sri Aurobindo